Category Archives: History

How the first Black Community was formed in London after 1772

The first British Empire included many slave-owning regions, which were ruled by British appointed Governors. The West Indies and America*, were the most important. Most slave-owners had direct connexions with Britain and there was a constant flow of returnees for … Continue reading

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Capital Punishment as Entertainment in England, 1649-1868

The King’s head was held up to the crowd. The spectators, some who had watched in approval and some in dismay, were quickly dispersed by officials, but a few sought grisly souvenirs of the event rushing forward to dip their … Continue reading

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Stalin’s Catch 22: the starvation of the Ukraine 1932-3

“Stalin never wrote down, or never preserved, any document ordering famine. But in practice [he] forced Ukrainian peasants to make a fatal choice. They could give up their grain reserves and die of starvation, or they could keep some grain … Continue reading

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Conservation: Is it worth it?

A confident nation builds so that future people may look back and marvel at their ancestors ingenuity and aesthetic vision. A nation in decline looks to the past in a vain attempt to “preserve” what was once great. Preservation is … Continue reading

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The price of naivety: Verdun 1916

The Bismarckian precept that two-front wars are disastrous shaped his foreign policy. He created a gigantic balance-of-power, which kept European peace from the formation of Germany in 1871 until 1914. Needless to relate 43 years of peace wasn’t a blessing … Continue reading

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Et tu, Brute?

“As he fell, Caesar cried out in Greek to Brutus, ‘You too, child’, which was either a threat (I’ll get you, boy!) or a poignant regret for the disloyalty of a young friend (You too, my child?), or even, as … Continue reading

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The Governor of the Bank of England and the Nazis in 1934

Monty* says that Hitler and Schacht** are the bulwarks of civilization in Germany and the only friends we have. *Montagu Norman, Governor of the Bank of England **Hjalmar Schacht, President of the Reichsbank (He was found not guilty of crimes … Continue reading

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